* သဗၺဒါနံ ဓမၼဒါနံ ဇိနာတိ၊ * သဗၺရသံ ဓမၼရေသာ ဇိနာတိ။

* သဗၺဒါနံ ဓမၼဒါနံ ဇိနာတိ၊     * သဗၺရသံ ဓမၼရေသာ ဇိနာတိ။

နမတၳဳ ဗုဒၶါနံ နမတၳဳ ေဗာဓိယာ။ နေမာ ဝိမုတၱာနံ၊ နေမာ ဝိမုတၱိယာ။

ဘုရားရွင္တို ့အား ရွိခိုးပါ၏။
ဘုရားရွင္တို ့၏ မဂ္ဥာဏ္ ဖိုလ္ဥာဏ္အား ရွိခိုးပါ၏။
ကိေလသာတို ့မွ လြတ္ေျမာက္ေတာ္မူၾကေသာ ဘုရားရွင္တို ့အား ရွိခိုးပါ၏။
ထိုဘုရားရွင္တို ့၏ ဝိမုတၱိငါးပါးအား ရွိခိုးပါ၏။

ကရုဏာလက္မ်ား ကမ္းလင့္ေပးပါ...

ကရုဏာလက္မ်ား ကမ္းလင့္ေပးပါ...
စား၀တ္ေနေရးအဆင္ေျပေစရန္ ဆန္အိတ္လွဴျခင္း ႏွင့္ အျခားလိုအပ္သည္မ်ား လွဴဒါန္းျခင္းတို႔ျဖင့္ လစဥ္ ေထာက္ပံ့သြားမည္ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ သီလရွင္ႏွင့္ ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ား ေအာင္ျမင္စြာ ပညာသင္ၾကားႏိုင္ေရး အတြက္ အနီးကပ္စာျပေပးမည့္ ဆရာမ (၆) ဦးအား တစ္လလွ်င္ (၅) ေသာင္းက်ပ္ျဖင့္ ငွါးရမ္းေပးရန္ စီစဥ္ထားပါသည္။ ပညာေရးအလွဴအား ေစတနာရွင္မ်ားမွလည္း ပါ၀င္ လွဴဒါန္းႏိုင္ပါသည္။ ေကာက္ခံရရွိေသာ အလွဴေငြမ်ားအား ဘဏ္စာအုပ္ထားရွိ၍ ေငြစာရင္းရွင္းတမ္းအား လစဥ္ေဖာ္ျပသြားမည္ ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ ေက်ာင္းသား/ေက်ာင္းသူမ်ား၏ မွတ္တမ္းမ်ားအား အလွဴရွင္မ်ားထံသို႔လည္း ေပးပို႔သြားပါမည္။

ပညာေရးအလွဴေတာ္ ႏႈိးေဆာ္ခ်က္


ရန္ကုန္ျမိဳ႕ အေသာကာရာမ သီလရွင္စာသင္တုိက္မွ နဝမတန္း ေျဖဆုိမည့္ သီလရွင္ ဆရာေလးမ်ားအတြက္ ဆရာ၊ ဆရာမမ်ား လစဥ္ ထားေပးႏုိင္ရန္ ပညာေရးအလွဴရွင္မ်ား လုိအပ္ေနပါသည္။ ေရႊေစတီ ဘုန္းေတာ္ၾကီးသင္ပညာေရးေက်ာင္းတြင္လည္း ဆင္းရဲႏြမ္းပါးသည့္ ၉ တန္းႏွင့္ ၁၀ တန္း ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ား ေက်ာင္းအိပ္ေက်ာင္းစား ေနထုိင္ပညာဆည္းပူးႏုိင္ေရးအတြက္ ကူညီေထာက္ပံ့မည့္ ကုသုိလ္ရွင္မ်ား လုိအပ္လ်က္ ရွိပါသည္။ ေစတနာရွင္ အလွဴရွင္မ်ား အေနျဖင့္ ေထရဝါဒ ဗုဒၶဘာသာ လူငယ္မ်ားအသင္း http://www.mmtheravada.org ဖုန္း
09-73062811, 09-5505176 သုိ႔ ဆက္သြယ္လွဴဒါန္းၾကေစလုိပါသည္။

သီလရွင္ ဆရာေလးမ်ားႏွင့္ ကေလးမ်ား ဇြန္လအမီ ေက်ာင္းတက္ႏုိင္ေရးအတြက္ ကာလဒါန ကုသုိလ္အျဖစ္ သဒၶါတတ္အား နည္းမ်ားမဆုိ လွဴဒါန္းကူညီၾကပါရန္ ႏႈိးေဆာ္အပ္ပါသည္။

၀ိမုတၱိရသ အဖြဲ႔သားမ်ား

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ေနာက္ဆက္တြဲသတင္း.....

ပညာေရးအလွဴေတာ္လႉဒါန္းမည့္အစီအစဥ္

ေထရ၀ါဒဗုဒဘာသာ လူငယ္မ်ား အသင္းမွ ဦးစီး၍ (၂၀၁၁) ခုႏွစ္တြင္ န၀မတန္းသို႔ တက္ေရာက္မည့္ ေက်ာင္းသား (၂၅) ေယာက္ႏွင့္ ေက်ာင္းသူ (၂၅) ေယာက္အား ပညာေရးေထာက္ပံ့မႈျပဳလုပ္ေပးႏိုင္ရန္ စီစဥ္ထားပါသည္။

ျပဳလုပ္မည့္အစီအစဥ္

ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ားအား ေရႊေစတီဘုန္းႀကီးေက်ာင္း (ဆရာေတာ္ ဦးေတဇႏၵိ၊ ခ/(၃) ရက္ကြက္၊ ေရႊေစတီေက်ာင္း၊ မဂၤလာဒုံၿမိဳ႕နယ္) တြင္ထားရွိမည္ျဖစ္ၿပီး ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ားသည္ မိမိတို႔ ဆႏၵအေလ်ာက္ ကိုရင္၀တ္လိုကလည္း ၀တ္ႏိုင္ပါသည္။ ေက်ာင္းသူမ်ားအား အေသာကာရာမ သီလရွင္စာသင္တိုက္ (ဆရာေလးေဒၚသုနႏၵာ (ဖုန္း-၀၉-၈၆၂၈၈၁၁)၊ ၀ါယာလက္ေစ်းမွတ္တိုင္၊ ေရႊႏွင္းဆီရပ္ကြက္၊ မဂၤလာဒံုၿမိဳ႕နယ္) တြင္ထားရွိပါမည္။ အေသာကာရာမေက်ာင္းမွ သီလရွင္မ်ားသာလက္ခံသည္ျဖစ္၍ ေက်ာင္းသူမ်ားမွာ သီလရွင္၀တ္ရပါမည္။ သီလရွင္မ်ားတက္ေရာက္ရမည့္ အ.ထ.က ေက်ာင္းမွာ အေသာကာရာမ ေက်ာင္းမွလက္ရွိ သီလရွင္မ်ား တက္ေရာက္ေနေသာ ေက်ာင္းျဖစ္၍ ပညာသင္ၾကားမႈတြက္ အခက္အခဲ မရွိႏိုင္ပါ။ စာသင္သူမ်ား စား၀တ္ေနေရးအဆင္ေျပေစရန္ ဆန္အိတ္လွဴျခင္း ႏွင့္ အျခားလိုအပ္သည္မ်ား လွဴဒါန္းျခင္းတို႔ျဖင့္ လစဥ္ ေထာက္ပံ့သြားမည္ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ သီလရွင္ႏွင့္ ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ား ေအာင္ျမင္စြာ ပညာသင္ၾကားႏိုင္ေရး အတြက္ အနီးကပ္စာျပေပးမည့္ ဆရာမ (၆) ဦးအား တစ္လလွ်င္ (၅) ေသာင္းက်ပ္ျဖင့္ ငွါးရမ္းေပးရန္ စီစဥ္ထားပါသည္။ ပညာေရးအလွဴအား ေစတနာရွင္မ်ားမွလည္း ပါ၀င္ လွဴဒါန္းႏိုင္ပါသည္။ ေကာက္ခံရရွိေသာ အလွဴေငြမ်ားအား ဘဏ္စာအုပ္ထားရွိ၍ ေငြစာရင္းရွင္းတမ္းအား လစဥ္ေဖာ္ျပသြားမည္ ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ ေက်ာင္းသား/ေက်ာင္းသူမ်ား၏ မွတ္တမ္းမ်ားအား အလွဴရွင္မ်ားထံသို႔လည္း ေပးပို႔သြားပါမည္။ အေသးစိတ္ေဆာင္ရြက္မည့္ အခ်က္အလက္မ်ားအားလည္း ဆက္လက္ေဖာ္ျပသြားပါမည္။

ေလ်ာက္ထားမည့္ သူမ်ား ျပည့္စုံရမည့္အခ်က္မ်ားမွာ

(က) ေက်ာင္းသူမ်ားမွာ သီလရွင္၀တ္ႏိုင္ရပါမည္။

(ခ ) မိဘမ်ားမွ ေနထိုင္ရန္ခြင့္ ျပဳသူျဖစ္ရပါမည္။

(ဂ ) စာသင္သားမ်ားေနထိုင္မည့္ ေက်ာင္းတြင္း စည္းကမ္းမ်ားကို တိက်စြာလိုက္နာရပါမည္။

(ဃ) ေက်ာင္းထားရန္ အမွန္တကယ္အခက္အခဲ ရွိေနသူျဖစ္ရပါမည္။

အထက္ပါအခ်က္အလက္မ်ားႏွင့္ ျပည့္စုံသူမ်ားသည္ ေထရ၀ါဒဗုဒၶဘာသာလွဴငယ္မ်ား အသင္းသို႔ ဆက္သြယ္ေမးျမန္းႏိုင္ပါသည္။ (http://mmtheravada.org)

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ကိုထြန္းထြန္းလိႈင္

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Friday, June 17, 2011

The Final Countdown 1

Rebirth in Buddhism is always a tricky issue. Many Westerners don’t like the idea of rebirth, as they hold loosely to a materialist view that animals are self-replicating DNA machines comprised of physical matter only. Mind in this paradigm, may run by its own rules, but it is still a function of physical matter (how then, can there be free will?). This is called a functionalist standpoint, and even if most people don’t think about it, this sums up the general opinion.

Like it or not, Buddhism not only accepts rebirth as real, the whole religion in built around it. In the first teaching the Buddha gave, the Dhammacakka Sutta, we hear that Dukkha is inevitable in the round of rebirths, and that being reborn in the 3 realms is driven by the power of Tanha (craving). This statement itself requires some lengthy explanation to avoid some mistakes of interpretation….

But the very next stanza says that putting an end to this Tanha, puts an end to all Suffering. When Dukkha ends, so does the cycle of rebirth in the three realms.

The three realms are

  • Desire Realms (Kama) - including heavens, ghost and hell realms, where beings are reborn directed by their karma.
  • Refined Form Realms (Ruupa) - which is a set of very refined heavenly realms, attainable only by the merit of very refined meditation (jhana)
  • Non-form Realms – which are super refined realms, which may or may not have form (ruupa) depending on the school you listen to. These are attainable through refined concentration states on meditation objects without form.

In all these realms it is important to note, the being is there temporarily. There is no permanent spot in heaven. Even the highest angels die.

Further, heaven is not the goal in Buddhism, but Enlightenment, after which there is no more rebirth in the 3 realms.

So what is reborn?

People mistakenly suppose there is no ‘self’ in Buddhism. There is a self, but there is no ‘Atman’ (permanent unchanging self). This collection of parts, memories, habits – all this is your self in the common English language sense of the word. Think of it this way. There is probably no part of your body now that was part of your body when you were 5 years old. Every cell has changed. Your mental qualities have changed. You can’t find a permanent part of you that has not changed. But that does not mean you don’t exist! You just continue developing from one moment to another, one decade to another.

Same when you die, according to Buddhism, you still continue to ‘be’, you still continue changing.

Truth be told, for many of us it would be a reassurance if we could die and end it there. Unfortunately, we find that we continue.

Where are you reborn?

Your destination depends on what kind of person you are. If you have been good, and done good deeds, you float upwards. If you have been bad, such as greedy or selfish, you will sink you down. It does not depend on your beliefs. It does not matter if you are a ‘Buddhist’. Simply your action in life determine your habits and purity of heart. The main deeds that lead upwards are firstly moral shame and dread – which means that you have openness, truth and honesty as your principles. Other qualities such as generosity, wisdom, morality, patience, effort, loving kindness etc.. are also heaven leading.

Bad behaviour is downward leading, and is usually described as breaking the 5 precepts. Note that a single good or bad deed is not binding. But generally, how you live your life will make you a person of refined or unrefined heart. So don’t take it to extremes and think that one squished mosquito has bought you a bad rebirth.

But there was a caveat in Buddhism. Being good did not guarantee your spot in heaven, and being bad did not guarantee your spot in lower realms. Different karmas can activate at the time of dying. You may have been good, but sometimes one karma will activate just as you are passing away, taking you downward. There was one story in the Suttas about this – a lay woman supporter of the Buddha who had practised well, but recollected a deviant sexual act as she was passing away, and was reborn in a hell realm for 6 days (similar to Christian purgatory idea).

This makes it all a little uncertain. And this uncertainty was repeatedly pointed out by the Buddha as an urgency to practise.

Which Karma

Because the whole system is unstable, the point of death is important in Buddhism. You should die with the right frame of mind, and the right intentions. This is why Buddhists consider it to be fortuitous if you have warning you are going to die. To be given 2 weeks to live by a doctor is better than a sudden death in a car. You can prepare yourself.

Karma is given in the Buddhist commentaries as being of 4 ‘weights’ which at the point of dying will determine the rebirth.

  • Garuka - ‘heavy’: which is shedding the blood of an arahant, killing a Buddha, killing ones parents .. and a few others. If you have committed these deeds they will lead you to a hell realm rebirth irrespective of how you lived the rest of your life. The good karma you have made will eventually come into play once your spell in heaven is over. Devadatta, the Buddha’s cousin is a good example, spending countless eons in hell for his bad deeds, but destined to become a Buddha after that due to his good karma.
  • Bahula – ‘habitual actions’ – i.e. how you have lived your life
  • Asanna - ’proximate action’ - basically the state of mind that happens to be there when you pass away.
  • Katatta – ‘casual acts’ – the general way you lived and made choices without strong intention

Ayya Khema, a very good late teacher in Germany, reportedly gave the following description of these 4 kammas:

“If there is a herd of cows locked in a barn, and the barn door is opened, the cow that is the strongest will go out first. If there isn’t one like that, then the one who is the habitual leader will go out first; if there is no habitual leader then the one nearest the door will go out first. If there is none like that, they will all try to go out at the same time.”

You may or may not like the teachings on rebirth, but they are there. Is it necessary to ‘believe’ in rebirth? That is a good question. But certainly you can practise Buddhism, and consider yourself a Buddhist, without having a strong belief either way. For a good meditator, we like the third option between ‘believe’ and ‘disbelieve’, which is ‘I don’t know’. After all, that is the true answer.

The crucial importance of the final moments is a further topic, to be blogged on in the next couple of days.

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ဤဘေလာ့ဂ္၏ ရည္ရြယ္ခ်က္

ယခုအခါ ကမၻာတလႊားတြင္ရွိေနၾကေသာ ဓမၼဘေလာ့ဂ္ဂါမ်ားသည္ ေန ့စဥ္ႏွင့္ အမွ် အင္တာနက္ စာမ်က္ႏွာမ်ား ေပၚတြင္ ဓမၼႏွင့္သက္ဆိုင္ေသာ အေၾကာင္းအရာ အမ်ိဳးမ်ိဳးကို ပို ့စ္မ်ားေရးတင္လ်က္ ရွိေနၾကပါသည္။

ဘေလာ့ဂ္ဂါမ်ားမွ မိမိတို ့၏ကိုယ္ပိုင္ စာမ်က္ႏွာမ်ားမွတဆင့္ ေရးတင္ေနၾကသျဖင့္ ဖတ္ရႈေလ့လာသူမ်ားအတြက္ ေနရာမ်ားစြာသို ့ သြားေရာက္ ဖတ္ရႈေနၾကရပါသည္။

ထို ့ေၾကာင့္ စာဖတ္သူမ်ား အခ်ိန္ကုန္သက္သာေစရန္ႏွင့္ မိမိတို ့ ဖတ္ရႈလိုရာကို လြယ္လင့္တကူ ရွာေဖြနိဳင္ရန္ ေန ့စဥ္ေရးသား ေနၾကေသာ အေၾကာင္းအရာမ်ားကို တေနရာတည္းတြင္ စုစည္းေပးလိုေသာ ရည္ရြယ္ခ်က္ျဖင့္ ဤဘေလာ့ဂ္ကို စီစဥ္လိုက္ျခင္းျဖစ္ပါသည္။

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