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* သဗၺဒါနံ ဓမၼဒါနံ ဇိနာတိ၊     * သဗၺရသံ ဓမၼရေသာ ဇိနာတိ။

နမတၳဳ ဗုဒၶါနံ နမတၳဳ ေဗာဓိယာ။ နေမာ ဝိမုတၱာနံ၊ နေမာ ဝိမုတၱိယာ။

ဘုရားရွင္တို ့အား ရွိခိုးပါ၏။
ဘုရားရွင္တို ့၏ မဂ္ဥာဏ္ ဖိုလ္ဥာဏ္အား ရွိခိုးပါ၏။
ကိေလသာတို ့မွ လြတ္ေျမာက္ေတာ္မူၾကေသာ ဘုရားရွင္တို ့အား ရွိခိုးပါ၏။
ထိုဘုရားရွင္တို ့၏ ဝိမုတၱိငါးပါးအား ရွိခိုးပါ၏။

ကရုဏာလက္မ်ား ကမ္းလင့္ေပးပါ...

ကရုဏာလက္မ်ား ကမ္းလင့္ေပးပါ...
စား၀တ္ေနေရးအဆင္ေျပေစရန္ ဆန္အိတ္လွဴျခင္း ႏွင့္ အျခားလိုအပ္သည္မ်ား လွဴဒါန္းျခင္းတို႔ျဖင့္ လစဥ္ ေထာက္ပံ့သြားမည္ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ သီလရွင္ႏွင့္ ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ား ေအာင္ျမင္စြာ ပညာသင္ၾကားႏိုင္ေရး အတြက္ အနီးကပ္စာျပေပးမည့္ ဆရာမ (၆) ဦးအား တစ္လလွ်င္ (၅) ေသာင္းက်ပ္ျဖင့္ ငွါးရမ္းေပးရန္ စီစဥ္ထားပါသည္။ ပညာေရးအလွဴအား ေစတနာရွင္မ်ားမွလည္း ပါ၀င္ လွဴဒါန္းႏိုင္ပါသည္။ ေကာက္ခံရရွိေသာ အလွဴေငြမ်ားအား ဘဏ္စာအုပ္ထားရွိ၍ ေငြစာရင္းရွင္းတမ္းအား လစဥ္ေဖာ္ျပသြားမည္ ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ ေက်ာင္းသား/ေက်ာင္းသူမ်ား၏ မွတ္တမ္းမ်ားအား အလွဴရွင္မ်ားထံသို႔လည္း ေပးပို႔သြားပါမည္။

ပညာေရးအလွဴေတာ္ ႏႈိးေဆာ္ခ်က္


ရန္ကုန္ျမိဳ႕ အေသာကာရာမ သီလရွင္စာသင္တုိက္မွ နဝမတန္း ေျဖဆုိမည့္ သီလရွင္ ဆရာေလးမ်ားအတြက္ ဆရာ၊ ဆရာမမ်ား လစဥ္ ထားေပးႏုိင္ရန္ ပညာေရးအလွဴရွင္မ်ား လုိအပ္ေနပါသည္။ ေရႊေစတီ ဘုန္းေတာ္ၾကီးသင္ပညာေရးေက်ာင္းတြင္လည္း ဆင္းရဲႏြမ္းပါးသည့္ ၉ တန္းႏွင့္ ၁၀ တန္း ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ား ေက်ာင္းအိပ္ေက်ာင္းစား ေနထုိင္ပညာဆည္းပူးႏုိင္ေရးအတြက္ ကူညီေထာက္ပံ့မည့္ ကုသုိလ္ရွင္မ်ား လုိအပ္လ်က္ ရွိပါသည္။ ေစတနာရွင္ အလွဴရွင္မ်ား အေနျဖင့္ ေထရဝါဒ ဗုဒၶဘာသာ လူငယ္မ်ားအသင္း http://www.mmtheravada.org ဖုန္း
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သီလရွင္ ဆရာေလးမ်ားႏွင့္ ကေလးမ်ား ဇြန္လအမီ ေက်ာင္းတက္ႏုိင္ေရးအတြက္ ကာလဒါန ကုသုိလ္အျဖစ္ သဒၶါတတ္အား နည္းမ်ားမဆုိ လွဴဒါန္းကူညီၾကပါရန္ ႏႈိးေဆာ္အပ္ပါသည္။

၀ိမုတၱိရသ အဖြဲ႔သားမ်ား

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ေနာက္ဆက္တြဲသတင္း.....

ပညာေရးအလွဴေတာ္လႉဒါန္းမည့္အစီအစဥ္

ေထရ၀ါဒဗုဒဘာသာ လူငယ္မ်ား အသင္းမွ ဦးစီး၍ (၂၀၁၁) ခုႏွစ္တြင္ န၀မတန္းသို႔ တက္ေရာက္မည့္ ေက်ာင္းသား (၂၅) ေယာက္ႏွင့္ ေက်ာင္းသူ (၂၅) ေယာက္အား ပညာေရးေထာက္ပံ့မႈျပဳလုပ္ေပးႏိုင္ရန္ စီစဥ္ထားပါသည္။

ျပဳလုပ္မည့္အစီအစဥ္

ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ားအား ေရႊေစတီဘုန္းႀကီးေက်ာင္း (ဆရာေတာ္ ဦးေတဇႏၵိ၊ ခ/(၃) ရက္ကြက္၊ ေရႊေစတီေက်ာင္း၊ မဂၤလာဒုံၿမိဳ႕နယ္) တြင္ထားရွိမည္ျဖစ္ၿပီး ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ားသည္ မိမိတို႔ ဆႏၵအေလ်ာက္ ကိုရင္၀တ္လိုကလည္း ၀တ္ႏိုင္ပါသည္။ ေက်ာင္းသူမ်ားအား အေသာကာရာမ သီလရွင္စာသင္တိုက္ (ဆရာေလးေဒၚသုနႏၵာ (ဖုန္း-၀၉-၈၆၂၈၈၁၁)၊ ၀ါယာလက္ေစ်းမွတ္တိုင္၊ ေရႊႏွင္းဆီရပ္ကြက္၊ မဂၤလာဒံုၿမိဳ႕နယ္) တြင္ထားရွိပါမည္။ အေသာကာရာမေက်ာင္းမွ သီလရွင္မ်ားသာလက္ခံသည္ျဖစ္၍ ေက်ာင္းသူမ်ားမွာ သီလရွင္၀တ္ရပါမည္။ သီလရွင္မ်ားတက္ေရာက္ရမည့္ အ.ထ.က ေက်ာင္းမွာ အေသာကာရာမ ေက်ာင္းမွလက္ရွိ သီလရွင္မ်ား တက္ေရာက္ေနေသာ ေက်ာင္းျဖစ္၍ ပညာသင္ၾကားမႈတြက္ အခက္အခဲ မရွိႏိုင္ပါ။ စာသင္သူမ်ား စား၀တ္ေနေရးအဆင္ေျပေစရန္ ဆန္အိတ္လွဴျခင္း ႏွင့္ အျခားလိုအပ္သည္မ်ား လွဴဒါန္းျခင္းတို႔ျဖင့္ လစဥ္ ေထာက္ပံ့သြားမည္ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ သီလရွင္ႏွင့္ ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ား ေအာင္ျမင္စြာ ပညာသင္ၾကားႏိုင္ေရး အတြက္ အနီးကပ္စာျပေပးမည့္ ဆရာမ (၆) ဦးအား တစ္လလွ်င္ (၅) ေသာင္းက်ပ္ျဖင့္ ငွါးရမ္းေပးရန္ စီစဥ္ထားပါသည္။ ပညာေရးအလွဴအား ေစတနာရွင္မ်ားမွလည္း ပါ၀င္ လွဴဒါန္းႏိုင္ပါသည္။ ေကာက္ခံရရွိေသာ အလွဴေငြမ်ားအား ဘဏ္စာအုပ္ထားရွိ၍ ေငြစာရင္းရွင္းတမ္းအား လစဥ္ေဖာ္ျပသြားမည္ ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ ေက်ာင္းသား/ေက်ာင္းသူမ်ား၏ မွတ္တမ္းမ်ားအား အလွဴရွင္မ်ားထံသို႔လည္း ေပးပို႔သြားပါမည္။ အေသးစိတ္ေဆာင္ရြက္မည့္ အခ်က္အလက္မ်ားအားလည္း ဆက္လက္ေဖာ္ျပသြားပါမည္။

ေလ်ာက္ထားမည့္ သူမ်ား ျပည့္စုံရမည့္အခ်က္မ်ားမွာ

(က) ေက်ာင္းသူမ်ားမွာ သီလရွင္၀တ္ႏိုင္ရပါမည္။

(ခ ) မိဘမ်ားမွ ေနထိုင္ရန္ခြင့္ ျပဳသူျဖစ္ရပါမည္။

(ဂ ) စာသင္သားမ်ားေနထိုင္မည့္ ေက်ာင္းတြင္း စည္းကမ္းမ်ားကို တိက်စြာလိုက္နာရပါမည္။

(ဃ) ေက်ာင္းထားရန္ အမွန္တကယ္အခက္အခဲ ရွိေနသူျဖစ္ရပါမည္။

အထက္ပါအခ်က္အလက္မ်ားႏွင့္ ျပည့္စုံသူမ်ားသည္ ေထရ၀ါဒဗုဒၶဘာသာလွဴငယ္မ်ား အသင္းသို႔ ဆက္သြယ္ေမးျမန္းႏိုင္ပါသည္။ (http://mmtheravada.org)

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Monday, March 21, 2011

E-Dhamma Course

Intermediate Paper 2 : Lessons & Values from the Doctrine of Kamma

MODULE 4


Lesson 2 Lesson of Conditionality (1)


The second lesson from the Doctrine of Kamma is not about creation but condition. Let us begin by understanding the world around us.

There is one school of thought that believes that there are causes but there is no consequence or effect. Whatever we do now will not produce a result later.

Another school believes that there is an effect but there is no cause. Whatever you are now is predestined. If you are fated to be born poor, you cant change it and you have to live with it. You are the creation of God and you have to live the life of total submission and complacency. They believe in the effect of what they are now but they dont believe in the cause of the effort they have done.

Another school believes that there is no cause and there is no effect. Life is like a random happening and event. Dont ask the question why. They explain contradicting event as it happens, just like the flower dying off with no past, no future, no action and no reaction.

Then there is this externalist view with the belief that whatever we do now will materialize in the future and it will be eternal. In other words, because of some wrong we do now, then we will be sent to hell forever without any salvation as the gate is closed. There are only two dimensions, here and the hereafter. And if you are good, you will be in paradise forever.

In the Buddhas teaching, everything has a cause and can produce an effect. We are constantly being interactive in the dimension of cause and effect. A cause can be inside and the effect can be inside e.g. we think of something nice and we feel happy about it. The cause can be outside and the effect outside. The cause can also be inside and the effect outside or the cause outside and the effect inside e.g. someone shouted at us and we get very upset.

If everything has a cause and effect, then in one simple word, everything has a condition.

As the Cause so is the Effect

Whenever we set a cause, by way of thought, speech or deed the effect will manifest.

Tree grows on apple seeds will only bears apple fruits and not oranges. If we were to put our hand on a live electrical wire, whether you are a Buddhist, a Christian or a Muslim you will get a shock.

According to the seed that is sown, so is the fruit that it will reap. Doer of good deeds will gather good fruits; doer of evil will reap evil fruits.

The law of Kamma provides a great consolation to us, as whatever we do (good deeds) will come to us. When we set a cause, the effect will arise although sometimes we need other supporting causes (which are also a cause) to provide the proper condition for the effect to occur. We cant be holding the apple seed in our hand and hope for it to bear fruits. We need to put it onto the ground, water it, and add fertilizer and so on.

In setting the seed (of spiritual progress) in motion, we cannot be praying, hoping or making vows to attain enlightenment. We need to do a lot of toiling, cultivating the mind and not asking for the impossible.

Results depend on Condition

As much as our action condition the situation, the situation can also condition the action.

Even as we sow the seed, the effect can only arise when the conditions are there. The reason why the condition is not there is because there are other causes. Some causes can support another cause to arise while other causes may be disruptive or destructive to other causes. Some even neutralized them making them ineffective.

Just like baking a cake; depending on the condition that you set the result will be either you get a charred cake or a delicious one. An evil deed committed does not immediately bear fruit just as milk does not turn sour all at once. But smouldering, the effect follows the fools like the fire covered by ashes - Dhammapada 71.

Condition is beyond our comprehension and beyond our control. Not all apple seeds will become apples. It depends on the condition for the roots to grow.

Just like the oil lamp. The light can go off due to either the oil has finished or the wick has burned off. Or both the oil and the wick finished at the same time. Sometimes it is due to external factors; a gush of wind blew it off.

Everything is a state of conditioning. And not all the conditioning can reach their state of maturity; they didnt reach to the full cycle e.g. the thundercloud that doesnt rain. The condition is not conducive and it was blown away later.

When the condition is right, there is nothing you can do to stop it. When certain things happen to your life, dont ask why me?Dont blame the god either.

Not in the sky, not in the ocean nor in the mountain clefts, is found in this place on earth where abiding, one may escape from the results of ones causeDhammapada 127. There is no escape e.g. Death. Dont try to run away from it. When we are able to see the reality, do not be submissive, but try to change as much as we can. If we cant, we shall accept it with a sense of understanding.

The results can be due to a Kammic conditions or it can be due to a non-Kammic conditions. Kammic condition means performance based. Good results may be obtained through hard work but not by praying.

Non-Kammic condition means something external to us such as the weather, political situation, epidemic etc. No matter how good our Kamma is; it will just collapse to make way for the evil Kamma to arise. If we were to put a spoonful of salt in a cup and a spoonful of salt into the river Ganges, the taste will be different.

In the Cula-kamma-vibhanga Sutta (MN 135) the shorter disposition of the law of Kamma, a student named Subha, asked, "Master Gotama, what is the reason, what is the condition, why inferiority and superiority are met with among human beings, among mankind?

For one meets with short-lived and long-lived people, sick and healthy people, ugly and handsome people, insignificant and influential people, poor and rich people, lowborn and highborn people, stupid and wise people. What is the reason, what is the condition, why superiority and inferiority are met with among human beings, among mankind?"

Beings are the owners of their action; heirs of their kammas. As of their action, they originate from their action and are bound to their action. Have their action as their refuge; it is their action that distinguishes beings as inferior and superior.

Some men or women kill living beings, are murderous, violent and merciless; on the dissolution of the body after death, he will appear in the state of deprivation and in hell. But instead if he comes back to the human state, then whenever he is reborn, he is short-lived.

But if they having abandoned the killing of living beings, abstains from killing living beings, lays aside the rod and lays aside the knife, is considerate and merciful and dwells compassionate for the welfare of all living beings; on the dissolution of the body, after death, he reappears in a happy destination, in the heavenly world. But if he comes back to the human state, then whenever he is reborn, he is long-lived.

So are they who cause injury, who harms beings with his hands or with clods or with sticks or with knives; if he is not reborn in the state of deprivation, then he is sickly whenever he is reborn. But if one does not harmhe is born healthy.

Those who display anger to living beings, much given to rage; even when little is said, he is furious, angry, ill-disposed, resentful, he shows ill-temper, hate and surliness; if he is not reborn in the state of deprivation, then he is ugly whenever he is reborn. But if one is not angryhe is born handsome.

Those who envious; envies, begrudges and harbors envy about others' gains, honour, veneration, respect, salutations and offerings; if he is not reborn in the state of deprivation, then he is insignificant whenever he is reborn. But if one is not envioushe is born influential.

Those who are not generous, not a giver of food, drinks, clothing, dwelling to monks or brahmins; if he is not reborn in the state of deprivation, then he is poor whenever he is reborn. But if one is generoushe is born wealthy.

Those who obdurate and haughty; who does not pay homage, respect, venerate to those who deserved it and arrogant; if he is not reborn in the state of deprivation, then he is low-born whenever he is reborn. But if one is acquiescent and humble he is born high born.

Those who does not visit a wise man and make enquiries on what is wholesome what is notif he is not reborn in the state of deprivation, then he is stupid whenever he is reborn. But if one seek the truthhe is wise.


Answers to Module 3

1 The inequalities in life arise because we are measured by our deeds and most of the time our deeds have different levels of both wholesome and unwholesomeness.
2 When the values (Right Understanding, Objectivity, gratitude, respect for values, prioritising and moral sensitivity) grow in us, then we know that we have understood the first lesson on the Doctrine of Kamma Lesson of Deed.

Questions

3 Why sometime good deed does not gives rise to good result immediately?
4 Why is it that the same action by two good friends gives rise to different results?

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ယခုအခါ ကမၻာတလႊားတြင္ရွိေနၾကေသာ ဓမၼဘေလာ့ဂ္ဂါမ်ားသည္ ေန ့စဥ္ႏွင့္ အမွ် အင္တာနက္ စာမ်က္ႏွာမ်ား ေပၚတြင္ ဓမၼႏွင့္သက္ဆိုင္ေသာ အေၾကာင္းအရာ အမ်ိဳးမ်ိဳးကို ပို ့စ္မ်ားေရးတင္လ်က္ ရွိေနၾကပါသည္။

ဘေလာ့ဂ္ဂါမ်ားမွ မိမိတို ့၏ကိုယ္ပိုင္ စာမ်က္ႏွာမ်ားမွတဆင့္ ေရးတင္ေနၾကသျဖင့္ ဖတ္ရႈေလ့လာသူမ်ားအတြက္ ေနရာမ်ားစြာသို ့ သြားေရာက္ ဖတ္ရႈေနၾကရပါသည္။

ထို ့ေၾကာင့္ စာဖတ္သူမ်ား အခ်ိန္ကုန္သက္သာေစရန္ႏွင့္ မိမိတို ့ ဖတ္ရႈလိုရာကို လြယ္လင့္တကူ ရွာေဖြနိဳင္ရန္ ေန ့စဥ္ေရးသား ေနၾကေသာ အေၾကာင္းအရာမ်ားကို တေနရာတည္းတြင္ စုစည္းေပးလိုေသာ ရည္ရြယ္ခ်က္ျဖင့္ ဤဘေလာ့ဂ္ကို စီစဥ္လိုက္ျခင္းျဖစ္ပါသည္။

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