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နမတၳဳ ဗုဒၶါနံ နမတၳဳ ေဗာဓိယာ။ နေမာ ဝိမုတၱာနံ၊ နေမာ ဝိမုတၱိယာ။

ဘုရားရွင္တို ့အား ရွိခိုးပါ၏။
ဘုရားရွင္တို ့၏ မဂ္ဥာဏ္ ဖိုလ္ဥာဏ္အား ရွိခိုးပါ၏။
ကိေလသာတို ့မွ လြတ္ေျမာက္ေတာ္မူၾကေသာ ဘုရားရွင္တို ့အား ရွိခိုးပါ၏။
ထိုဘုရားရွင္တို ့၏ ဝိမုတၱိငါးပါးအား ရွိခိုးပါ၏။

ကရုဏာလက္မ်ား ကမ္းလင့္ေပးပါ...

ကရုဏာလက္မ်ား ကမ္းလင့္ေပးပါ...
စား၀တ္ေနေရးအဆင္ေျပေစရန္ ဆန္အိတ္လွဴျခင္း ႏွင့္ အျခားလိုအပ္သည္မ်ား လွဴဒါန္းျခင္းတို႔ျဖင့္ လစဥ္ ေထာက္ပံ့သြားမည္ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ သီလရွင္ႏွင့္ ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ား ေအာင္ျမင္စြာ ပညာသင္ၾကားႏိုင္ေရး အတြက္ အနီးကပ္စာျပေပးမည့္ ဆရာမ (၆) ဦးအား တစ္လလွ်င္ (၅) ေသာင္းက်ပ္ျဖင့္ ငွါးရမ္းေပးရန္ စီစဥ္ထားပါသည္။ ပညာေရးအလွဴအား ေစတနာရွင္မ်ားမွလည္း ပါ၀င္ လွဴဒါန္းႏိုင္ပါသည္။ ေကာက္ခံရရွိေသာ အလွဴေငြမ်ားအား ဘဏ္စာအုပ္ထားရွိ၍ ေငြစာရင္းရွင္းတမ္းအား လစဥ္ေဖာ္ျပသြားမည္ ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ ေက်ာင္းသား/ေက်ာင္းသူမ်ား၏ မွတ္တမ္းမ်ားအား အလွဴရွင္မ်ားထံသို႔လည္း ေပးပို႔သြားပါမည္။

ပညာေရးအလွဴေတာ္ ႏႈိးေဆာ္ခ်က္


ရန္ကုန္ျမိဳ႕ အေသာကာရာမ သီလရွင္စာသင္တုိက္မွ နဝမတန္း ေျဖဆုိမည့္ သီလရွင္ ဆရာေလးမ်ားအတြက္ ဆရာ၊ ဆရာမမ်ား လစဥ္ ထားေပးႏုိင္ရန္ ပညာေရးအလွဴရွင္မ်ား လုိအပ္ေနပါသည္။ ေရႊေစတီ ဘုန္းေတာ္ၾကီးသင္ပညာေရးေက်ာင္းတြင္လည္း ဆင္းရဲႏြမ္းပါးသည့္ ၉ တန္းႏွင့္ ၁၀ တန္း ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ား ေက်ာင္းအိပ္ေက်ာင္းစား ေနထုိင္ပညာဆည္းပူးႏုိင္ေရးအတြက္ ကူညီေထာက္ပံ့မည့္ ကုသုိလ္ရွင္မ်ား လုိအပ္လ်က္ ရွိပါသည္။ ေစတနာရွင္ အလွဴရွင္မ်ား အေနျဖင့္ ေထရဝါဒ ဗုဒၶဘာသာ လူငယ္မ်ားအသင္း http://www.mmtheravada.org ဖုန္း
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သီလရွင္ ဆရာေလးမ်ားႏွင့္ ကေလးမ်ား ဇြန္လအမီ ေက်ာင္းတက္ႏုိင္ေရးအတြက္ ကာလဒါန ကုသုိလ္အျဖစ္ သဒၶါတတ္အား နည္းမ်ားမဆုိ လွဴဒါန္းကူညီၾကပါရန္ ႏႈိးေဆာ္အပ္ပါသည္။

၀ိမုတၱိရသ အဖြဲ႔သားမ်ား

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ေနာက္ဆက္တြဲသတင္း.....

ပညာေရးအလွဴေတာ္လႉဒါန္းမည့္အစီအစဥ္

ေထရ၀ါဒဗုဒဘာသာ လူငယ္မ်ား အသင္းမွ ဦးစီး၍ (၂၀၁၁) ခုႏွစ္တြင္ န၀မတန္းသို႔ တက္ေရာက္မည့္ ေက်ာင္းသား (၂၅) ေယာက္ႏွင့္ ေက်ာင္းသူ (၂၅) ေယာက္အား ပညာေရးေထာက္ပံ့မႈျပဳလုပ္ေပးႏိုင္ရန္ စီစဥ္ထားပါသည္။

ျပဳလုပ္မည့္အစီအစဥ္

ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ားအား ေရႊေစတီဘုန္းႀကီးေက်ာင္း (ဆရာေတာ္ ဦးေတဇႏၵိ၊ ခ/(၃) ရက္ကြက္၊ ေရႊေစတီေက်ာင္း၊ မဂၤလာဒုံၿမိဳ႕နယ္) တြင္ထားရွိမည္ျဖစ္ၿပီး ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ားသည္ မိမိတို႔ ဆႏၵအေလ်ာက္ ကိုရင္၀တ္လိုကလည္း ၀တ္ႏိုင္ပါသည္။ ေက်ာင္းသူမ်ားအား အေသာကာရာမ သီလရွင္စာသင္တိုက္ (ဆရာေလးေဒၚသုနႏၵာ (ဖုန္း-၀၉-၈၆၂၈၈၁၁)၊ ၀ါယာလက္ေစ်းမွတ္တိုင္၊ ေရႊႏွင္းဆီရပ္ကြက္၊ မဂၤလာဒံုၿမိဳ႕နယ္) တြင္ထားရွိပါမည္။ အေသာကာရာမေက်ာင္းမွ သီလရွင္မ်ားသာလက္ခံသည္ျဖစ္၍ ေက်ာင္းသူမ်ားမွာ သီလရွင္၀တ္ရပါမည္။ သီလရွင္မ်ားတက္ေရာက္ရမည့္ အ.ထ.က ေက်ာင္းမွာ အေသာကာရာမ ေက်ာင္းမွလက္ရွိ သီလရွင္မ်ား တက္ေရာက္ေနေသာ ေက်ာင္းျဖစ္၍ ပညာသင္ၾကားမႈတြက္ အခက္အခဲ မရွိႏိုင္ပါ။ စာသင္သူမ်ား စား၀တ္ေနေရးအဆင္ေျပေစရန္ ဆန္အိတ္လွဴျခင္း ႏွင့္ အျခားလိုအပ္သည္မ်ား လွဴဒါန္းျခင္းတို႔ျဖင့္ လစဥ္ ေထာက္ပံ့သြားမည္ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ သီလရွင္ႏွင့္ ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ား ေအာင္ျမင္စြာ ပညာသင္ၾကားႏိုင္ေရး အတြက္ အနီးကပ္စာျပေပးမည့္ ဆရာမ (၆) ဦးအား တစ္လလွ်င္ (၅) ေသာင္းက်ပ္ျဖင့္ ငွါးရမ္းေပးရန္ စီစဥ္ထားပါသည္။ ပညာေရးအလွဴအား ေစတနာရွင္မ်ားမွလည္း ပါ၀င္ လွဴဒါန္းႏိုင္ပါသည္။ ေကာက္ခံရရွိေသာ အလွဴေငြမ်ားအား ဘဏ္စာအုပ္ထားရွိ၍ ေငြစာရင္းရွင္းတမ္းအား လစဥ္ေဖာ္ျပသြားမည္ ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ ေက်ာင္းသား/ေက်ာင္းသူမ်ား၏ မွတ္တမ္းမ်ားအား အလွဴရွင္မ်ားထံသို႔လည္း ေပးပို႔သြားပါမည္။ အေသးစိတ္ေဆာင္ရြက္မည့္ အခ်က္အလက္မ်ားအားလည္း ဆက္လက္ေဖာ္ျပသြားပါမည္။

ေလ်ာက္ထားမည့္ သူမ်ား ျပည့္စုံရမည့္အခ်က္မ်ားမွာ

(က) ေက်ာင္းသူမ်ားမွာ သီလရွင္၀တ္ႏိုင္ရပါမည္။

(ခ ) မိဘမ်ားမွ ေနထိုင္ရန္ခြင့္ ျပဳသူျဖစ္ရပါမည္။

(ဂ ) စာသင္သားမ်ားေနထိုင္မည့္ ေက်ာင္းတြင္း စည္းကမ္းမ်ားကို တိက်စြာလိုက္နာရပါမည္။

(ဃ) ေက်ာင္းထားရန္ အမွန္တကယ္အခက္အခဲ ရွိေနသူျဖစ္ရပါမည္။

အထက္ပါအခ်က္အလက္မ်ားႏွင့္ ျပည့္စုံသူမ်ားသည္ ေထရ၀ါဒဗုဒၶဘာသာလွဴငယ္မ်ား အသင္းသို႔ ဆက္သြယ္ေမးျမန္းႏိုင္ပါသည္။ (http://mmtheravada.org)

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Wednesday, April 29, 2009

A Brife Life History of Gotama, the Buddha


Before, we start to learn about the Buddhism, I would like to introduce the Buddha, who is very unique, noble, and holy. This is a brief biography of Gotama the Buddha.

The future Buddha, know as Bodhisatta in Pali, lived in the remote past and was reborn as Sumedha the Hermit, four Asankhyeyyas and one hundred thousand world-cycles (Kappa) ago.

At the time Dipankara the Buddha, the Omniscient One, existed and if the Bodhisatta decided to win Complete Freedom and Purity, he could win it under the feet of the Buddha Dipankara. Considering that he should teach the Four Noble Truths to the ignorant world, and having universal compassion (Maha Karuna), he renounced the chance of winning Nibbanic peace for the sake of the welfare and liberation of all living beings. Indeed, he decided to make all sentient beings free from the sufferings in the circles of births and deaths known as Samsara. He wanted to save all persons not only for himself alone in crossing over the ocean of Samsara.

So, the Budhisatta had to wander through countless lives, four Asankhyeyyas and hundred thousand world-cycles (Kappa) with the noble, determined performances of the Budhisatta virtues to win full Enlightenment of Sammasambuddha Nana (Supreme Enlightenment). Naturally all true Bodhisattas have to observe Tem Parami-Perfections to become Buddhas by their own efforts. The Tem Parami-Perfections or Great Liberating Virtues are;

1. Generosity/ Alms-giving/ Charity
2. Morality
3. Renunciation
4. Wisdom
5. Energy/ Effort
6. Patience/ Forbearance
7. Truthfulness
8. Determination/ Resolve
9. Loving-kindness and
10. Equanimity

Each Parami must be performed at three levels: Regarding generosity, these are;

1. Ordinary Level – giving away outward things such as gold, silver, horses, elephants, etc.
2. Secondary Level – giving away inner things such as eyes, ears, noses, hands, etc.
3. The Highest Level – giving away one’s own life, for the welfare of others.

As each Parami contains three levels of supreme performance, there are Thirty Paramis in the world of Bodhisattas.

And, most remarkably, all true Bodhisattas must renounce completely the following possessions or ownerships. In this way they become worthy of respect and ready to become the full Buddha.

1. Renunciation of high status and positions, such as kingship, universal rulership, wealth, power so that they are collectively known as “Dana Pariccaga”.
2. Renunciation/ offering of sons and daughters for other’s sake, persons who ask for them.
3. Renunciation/ offering of one’s own wife when someone makes a demand for her.
4. Renunciation of one’s own limbs such as hands, legs, ears, nose when someone asks for them.
5. Renunciation/ sacrifice of one’s own life (Jivita Pariccaga).

These unique self-sacrifices or rare virtues are collectively termed “Five Great Renunciations”, because only uniquely rare and noble persons, after receiving solemn prophecy from the mouth of the Buddha, can perform them with complete freedom and high aim.

As such the Bodhisatta, in countless lives, had to make supreme sacrifices for the sake of Supreme Enlightenment (Bodhi), and finally he was reborn in Turita Deva (Celestial) realm, as Setaketu Deva. While living as a deity in Tusita Adobe, all gods and brahmas living within a sphere of ten thousand Cakkavala worlds came near to him and made a solemn request, asking him to be reborn as a human being in the human world as the time for Buddha-hood was ripe at that moment.

In accordance with the solemn request of devas and brahmas of ten thousand Worlds, Bodhisatta Setaketu, having made his sacred decision, deeply considered the following points of great importance:

1. Kala – A correct time for attainment of Supreme Bodhi – Buddha-hood
2. Dipa – A suitable Island Continent for the Buddha
3. Desa – A suitable region for Buddha
4. Kula – A suitable race
5. Matuayupariccheda – Life-span and age of the Bidhisatta’s Holy Mother

After knowing these five factor requirements he passed from Devaloka to be conceived in Maya Devi’s womb, the chief queen of King Suddhodana of Kapilavatthu. This Scared Conception in Mother’s womb took place on the full-moon of Waso, 67 Maha Era (560 BCE), Thursday.

Then the Bodhisatta was born in 68 Maha Era (about 560 BCE) on Kason (equivalent to May) full-moon, Friday, at the Lumbini forest, between Devadaha Country and Kapilavatthu Country.

At the age of sixteen he was married to Princess Yasodhara, enjoying royal pleasures with great happiness.

But, at 29, when he saw the Four Fearful Holy Sights, or the Four Great Signs, namely, an old man, a sick man, a dead man (a corpse), and a mendicant, Bhikkhu, he at once renounced the world to practice and attain the Highest Truth of Life.

At a lonely forest, as a wanderer in search of supreme peace and greatest happiness, he preformed severest austerities know to mankind. He followed the path of self-torture, as it was the popular course at that time among holy men, to win enlightenment and liberation. Thus for six continuous years he tried self-mortification, all forms of austerities. These practices are called “Dukkaracariya”, Great Hard Practices.

After having tried the way of self-mortification, he went and sat under the Ajapala banyan tree. These, Sujata, a daughter of a millionaire, came and offered a very righ rice-gruel food (milk-food). He accepted and partook of the most special food to recover his health and strength, and then he left for the place where the Maha Bodhi Tree stood.

While at that sacred place a grass-cutter, Suddhiya, came and offered eight bundles of grass which he scattered them near the Sacred Bodhi Tree.

Wonderfully, due to the power of his countless Parami-Perfections, these bundles of grass turned into the “Seat of the Unconquerable”, or the “Throne of Supreme Victory”. The nature and shape of the grass had been transformed into “Aparajita Pallinka”, seat for the Bodhisatta.

Sitting on this Seat of Victory, the Bodhisatta won over Devaputta Mara, the Evil One at the beginning of the setting sun. At the first watch of the night he attained Pubbenivasa Nana Insight, which means Insight of recollection of past lives or the reminiscence of past births. At midnight he attained Dibbacakkhu Nana (the Divine Eye) by which he could see clearly the disappearing and reappearing of beings. With supernormal insight he saw the deaths of beings and where they were reborn at the same instant.

At dawn he won the Supreme Supramundane Insight (Lokuttara consciousness of arahattamagga citta), know as “Asavakkhaya Nana”, the noble insight that completely eradicated all ten defilements (kikesa=impurities, taints, passions) root and branch. The Bodhisatta became the Supreme Buddha, the Exalted One, at the age of thirty-five in 103 Maha Era, on full moon day of Kason (equivalent to May).

With the attainment of Supreme Insight, for forty-five years he preached the Noble Dhamma (The Enlightenment Philosophy) in many places to various types of people without discrimination. Thus he served the cause of welfare, peace and happiness of all sentient beings with greatest effort and noblest aim. Even deities, brahmas, animals got many benefits from hearing his Dhamma, putting them on the Right Path.

After teaching the Dhamma for forty-five years in many countries to various peoples, starting with the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta, the essence of Buddha’s Teaching, the main Dhamma. Having performed his duties and responsibilities as the Buddha, he realized the complete cessation of all Khandha-Dukkhas, at Kusinara, in the forest of Malla Kings, on full moon of Kason (equilavent to May) in 148 Maha Era (about 485 BCE), Tuesday.


Source: How to live as a Good Buddhist Volume 1, by Dept for the Promotion and Propagation of the Sasana, Union of Myanmar
N.B: The article above has been edited and modified.



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ဤဘေလာ့ဂ္၏ ရည္ရြယ္ခ်က္

ယခုအခါ ကမၻာတလႊားတြင္ရွိေနၾကေသာ ဓမၼဘေလာ့ဂ္ဂါမ်ားသည္ ေန ့စဥ္ႏွင့္ အမွ် အင္တာနက္ စာမ်က္ႏွာမ်ား ေပၚတြင္ ဓမၼႏွင့္သက္ဆိုင္ေသာ အေၾကာင္းအရာ အမ်ိဳးမ်ိဳးကို ပို ့စ္မ်ားေရးတင္လ်က္ ရွိေနၾကပါသည္။

ဘေလာ့ဂ္ဂါမ်ားမွ မိမိတို ့၏ကိုယ္ပိုင္ စာမ်က္ႏွာမ်ားမွတဆင့္ ေရးတင္ေနၾကသျဖင့္ ဖတ္ရႈေလ့လာသူမ်ားအတြက္ ေနရာမ်ားစြာသို ့ သြားေရာက္ ဖတ္ရႈေနၾကရပါသည္။

ထို ့ေၾကာင့္ စာဖတ္သူမ်ား အခ်ိန္ကုန္သက္သာေစရန္ႏွင့္ မိမိတို ့ ဖတ္ရႈလိုရာကို လြယ္လင့္တကူ ရွာေဖြနိဳင္ရန္ ေန ့စဥ္ေရးသား ေနၾကေသာ အေၾကာင္းအရာမ်ားကို တေနရာတည္းတြင္ စုစည္းေပးလိုေသာ ရည္ရြယ္ခ်က္ျဖင့္ ဤဘေလာ့ဂ္ကို စီစဥ္လိုက္ျခင္းျဖစ္ပါသည္။

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